Anthropologists have been actively involved at Teachers College since Margaret Mead started teaching here in the 1940s. With others at Columbia, she was involved in the formation of the current Program in Anthropology and Education (1967). Since 1968, the College has also administered the Joint Program in Applied Anthropology, which combines the staff resources of the program at Teachers College with those of the Department of Anthropology of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at Columbia University. The Applied Anthropology/Anthropology and Education Programs function as one entity, are highly selective, and offer a small group of students a unique research training program. It seeks to maximize the interaction of students with their fellow students and the faculty of the program, and it involves students in the faculty's ongoing research. This highly personal academic environment is included in a large university department of anthropology that offers more variety than could be achieved in the small program alone. In addition, the New York City location of the Applied Anthropology/Anthropology and Education Program makes numerous institutions available to students, and provides a natural laboratory for student research on ethnicity, migration, and urban life. Alumni of the program are usually appointed to university departments of anthropology, or to specialized programs in medical, educational, business and other professional schools. As the market for applied anthropologists and educational anthropologists has expanded, graduates increasingly have been placed in schools, hospitals, state and federal agencies, corporations and private foundations.